The food processing industry plays a major role in Ghana’s economy. Major food crops in Ghana generally consist of cereals and starchy foods. Cereals include maize, rice, millet, guinea corn and sorghum, while starchy crops include cassava, yam, cocoyam (taro) and plantain. Currently, food processing in Ghana is done by medium scale enterprises.
Over the years, the Government of Ghana has implemented policies that add value to Ghana’s raw agricultural products (e.g. cocoa, cotton, oil palm, etc.). In recent times, intensive efforts have been made by government to process some of these products; for example, volume of cocoa beans processed locally has doubled in the last decade.
In addition, there has been the establishment of a special initiative by the President of the Republic of Ghana for oil palm and cassava. The purpose is to expand and add value to non-traditional exports and to diversify the economy, create employment and improve local livelihoods.
The main processed food products are from:
• Oil palm
There are several groups and individuals who are participating in the cassava processing business and the food sector in general, notably among them includes; the farmers, ministry of food and Agriculture, the manufactures of cassava processing machines, Agricultural research centres, restaurants, retailers of cassava products, world food organisation, government of Ghana, schools and colleges, cassava processing companies, dealers of cassava processing equipment, local community, farmer associations and other interest group.